Home Office Drugs Strategy Consultation – My Response
The Home Office has called for responses to its Drugs Strategy Consultation document. See here on the Home Office website.
It is almost universally accepted that “consultation” is a euphemism for “your opinion will be ignored but we want it to look like we listened to you”. This is a classic example of that sort of thinking. Judge for yourself by reading the introduction. It is clear that ministers and civil servants have already made their mind up on many issues just by the way that the questions are phrased.
Nevertheless, this is what passes for democracy in Britain and it is vital that as many people as possible respond. You can do so by post, email or online form. It is all set out on the website. I offer my response here as raw material. Please feel free to copy and use all or part of it as you wish. Just make sure that you do make a submission.
I have answered all the questions where I feel I have something useful to say. It dosn’t matter if you only answer one or two. Please don’t let the Home Office get away with a whitewash. With sufficient responses and future Feedom Of Information requests we will be able to advance the cause of rational and progressive drugs policy.
Question A1: Are there other key aspects of reducing drug use that you feel should be addressed?
Please outline any suggestions below
The entire basis of this question is flawed. Prohibition of drug use is a failed strategy as now acknowledged by experts and leaders all over the world. So much of the subject is mired in semantics and prejudice rather than being addressed in a logical and responsible manner with fact and evidence-based policies.
Drug use can never be eliminated. In fact, use of alcohol and tobacco, two of the most dangerous drugs, is legally promoted. Drug misuse is, by definition, to be deplored but unless there is an acceptance of responsible drug use, then corresponding guidance or regulation to prevent misuse cannot work.
The key question, as established by parliament with the Misuse Of Drugs Act 1971 (MODA), is to how to reduce the harms of drug use. This is the basis of the Act and of the drug classification system which is supposd to indicate the relative harms of drugs based on the advice of the Advisory Council on the Misuse Of Drugs (ACMD).
Regrettably the classification system is now entirely discredited for two principle reasons:
1. Failure to include the two most widely used drugs, alcohol and tobacco
2. Failure to classify drugs on a scientific basis, instead allowing political considerations and opinion to intrude where only facts and evidence should apply
The result is that government messages on drugs are widely regarded as incredible and as propaganda rather than good sense. Young people in particular see the evidence of their own eyes and experience as more useful and credible than government messages, especially in the case of drugs such as cannabis and ecstasy where their relative harmlessness is self-evident. Government campaigns such as Frank are widely ridiculed and both counterproductive and a complete waste of money.
Question A2: Which areas would you like to see prioritised?
Please select as many as apply
* Greater ambition for individual recovery whilst ensuring the crime reduction impact of treatment.
* Actions to tackle drugs should be part of building the “Big Society”.
* A more holistic approach, with drugs issues being assessed and tackled alongside other issues such as alcohol abuse, child protection, mental health, employment and housing.
* Budgets and responsibility devolved wherever possible, with commissioning of services at a local level.
* Budgets and funding streams simplified and outcome based.
* The financial costs of drug misuse reduced.
* None of them.
This is an astonishingly meaningless question, a little like asking “do you approve of motherhood and apple pie?”
It would be foolish to disagree with any of these ideas.
The main area I would like to see prioritised is that drugs strategy, policy, information and education should be fact and evidence based. The National Audit Office and the Public Accounts Committee have both criticised government for failing to implement an evidence-based drugs policy and instead giving more weight to opinion. This is a dreadful indictment of how successive governments have, in fact, contributed to and increased drug harms. It is now a well established and proven truism that drug laws cause more harm than drugs themselves.
I would propose a five point drugs strategy aimed at reducing harms as follows:
1. An end to oppression of drug users (at least six million citizens)
2. Removal from the criminal law of any offence for possession and/or social supply
3. Fact and evidence-based policy, information and regulation
4. Re-direction of law enforcement resources against real criminals
5. Treat problematic drug use as a health issue
I would also propose that the overwhelming response on drug laws to the Your Freedom website should be included in this consultation. Top priority should be given to the massive outcry from the public for the removal of drugs from the criminal law and the more rational, fact and evidence-based regulation.
The question of cannabis needs urgent attention. All experts agree that the harms from its illegality are greater than from the drug itself. According to Home Office figures, there are six million regular users in the UK. Recent research shows that more than 70% of the public want to see some form of legalisation. The laws against cannabis no longer have public support, particularly in the case of medicinal use, yet the cost of unsuccessfully attempting to enforce them amounts to many billions in wasted public expenditure. This is a national scandal of monstrous proportions which must be ended.
Question A3: What do you think has worked well in previous approaches to tackling drug misuse?
There is almost nothing that the government has done that has worked well in tackling drug misuse. On the contrary, almost all government policy has increased the harms caused.
There have been some pilot projects in providing clean, safe environments where opiate addicts have access to a regulated supply and clean needles that have reduced harms.
Question A4: What do you think has NOT worked so well in previous approaches to tackling drug misuse?
Government drugs policy has been a disaster in almost every way, consuming more and more resources to less and less good effect. It has been almost entirely counterproductive and has led to complete distrust of government information, alienation of users from society in general and brought the law into disrepute.
Prohibition has not worked.
Misinformation and propaganda that distributes lies and untruths about the relative harms of drugs has not worked. In fact, it has led to more harms and more deaths.
Criminalising huge numbers of citizens has not worked and has created disaffection and seriously damaged democracy.
Question B1: What are the most effective ways of preventing drug or alcohol misuse?
The only effective way of preventing drug or alcohol misuse is education. This should be accompanied by a system of regulation and controls which is fact and evidence based and has widespread public support.
Question B2: Who (which agencies, organisations and individuals) are best able to prevent drug or alcohol misuse?
The government is entirely discredited when it comes to offering any sort of advice on these subjects because it has a long history of mistakes, misinformation and propaganda. Everyone knows that you can’t trust what the government says about such matters because it almost always places political expediency above the truth.
Schools, teachers, ex-addicts and parents are best able to prevent drug and alcohol misuse. They need fact and evidence-based support and information. The last thing they need is government direction or interference as this is widely seen as unbelieveable and incredible.
Question B3: Which groups (in terms of age, location or vulnerability) should prevention programmes particularly focus on?
There should be no such thing as a “prevention programme”. The most vulnerable group is clearly young people. Tell them not to do something and you immediately increase its appeal. This question demonstrates how utterly out of touch, insensitive and hamstrung is current Home Office thinking.
Education programmes should focus particularly on young people.
Question B4: Which drugs (including alcohol) should prevention programmes focus on?
* Those that cause the most harm
* Those that are most widely used
* All drugs
Please explain your view below
There should be no such thing as a “prevention programme”. Education programmes should cover all drugs but focus on those that cause most harm.
Question B5: How can parents best be supported to prevent young people from misusing drugs or alcohol?
The best way of supporting parents is by creating an environment in which drugs policy is accepted as being rational, sensible and based on facts and evidence rather than propaganda. It is vital that fact and evidence-based information is widely available.
Question B6: How can communities play a more effective role in preventing drug or alcohol misuse?
Communities will naturally come together to prevent drug misuse if we create an environment in which drugs policy is accepted as being rational, sensible and based on facts and evidence rather than propaganda. At present, drug laws and policies create an “us and them” culture where injustice and hypocrisy brings the law into disrepute and alienates people who do not comply.
Question B7: Are there any particular examples of prevention activity that you would like to see used more widely?
There is nothing being done in terms of”prevention activity” that should be continued. Education, based on fact and evidence-based information is the key.
Question B8: What barriers are there to improving drug and alcohol prevention?
The biggest barrier to improving prevention of drug misuse is government policy which is widely understood not to be based on facts and evidence but on political expediency and propaganda. The lack of fact and evidence-based information and education is also a major barrier.
Question C1: When does drug use become problematic?
Drug use becomes problematic when it interferes with people conducting their everyday lives and reaching their full potential or the ability of others to do the same.
Question C2: Do you think the Criminal Justice System should do anything differently when dealing with drug-misusing offenders
The Criminal Justice System should not be involved in dealing with drug misuse at all. This should be a matter for healthcare. Drug misuse in itself should not be a criminal offence.
Where offences are committed while under the influence of drugs, or in order to feed a drug addiction, providing appropriate healthcare has been offered, then drug use should not be a mitigating factor. In such instances, the offender should always be referred for healthcare alongside any sentence.
Question C3: Do you have a view on what factors the Government should take into consideration when deciding to invoke a temporary ban on a new substance?
Please explain your views below
The most important factors would be those of scientific fact and evidence to be determined by a strengthened, properly funded and independent Advisory Council On the Misuse Of Drugs or equivalent.
It is most important to consider the “glamourising effect” of banning a substance.
I congratulate the Home Office on its statement that “Possession of a temporarily banned substance for personal use would not be a criminal offence to prevent the unnecessary criminalisation of young people”. This demonstrates a new depth of thinking and intelligence that is very encouraging.
Question C4: What forms of community based accommodation do you think should be considered to rehabilitate drug offenders?
Drug use should not be an offence in itself. Clearly as part of healthcare, community-based accommodation should be available for those suffering from problematic drug use.
Question C5: Where do you think we most need to target enforcement efforts to reduce the supply of drugs?
Enforcement efforts to reduce the supply of drugs are futile unless a legitimate, regulated source of supply is available.
Once a regulated source of supply is available, illicit sources will become less of a problem. Enforcement efforts could then be targeted in a similar way to current policies against illicit supply of alcohol, tobacco and prescription only medicines.
Question C6: What else do you think we can do to keep one step ahead of the changing drugs markets?
The most important thing do do is to end the failed and demonstrably ludicrous policy of prohibition. The solution is a system of fact and evidence-based regulation including a a strengthened, properly funded and independent Advisory Council On the Misuse Of Drugs or equivalent.
Question C7: Which partners – in the public, voluntary and community sectors – would you like to see work together to reduce drug related reoffending in your local area?
What does “drug related reoffending” mean?
Drug use in itself should not be an offence.
Offences related to drugs should be dealt with by healthcare intervention as well as the criminal justice system. If appropriate healthcare has been offered then drugs should not be a mitigating factor in sentencing.
Question C8: What results should be paid for or funded?
Question C9: What measures do you think should be taken to reduce drug supply in prison?
Those prisoners with a drug addiction should have access to healthcare and regulated supply just as any other citizen. Just as in society in general a regulated supply would greatly reduce if not eliminate the problem of illicit supply.
Recreational use of drugs in prison should be strictly controlled. Tobacco is presently allowed but not alcohol.
As an observation, it is tragic to note how existing policies have promoted the use of heroin in prison. Under the drug testing regimes, cannabis can be detected in urine for up to 28 days and so its use has been largely eliminated. However, heroin flushes through the system in less than 48 hours so its use has increased. This is a vivid demonstration of the idiocy of present policies which have led to replacement of a relatively harmless substance with one that has potential to cause great harm.
Question C10 (if applicable): What impact would the measures suggested have on:
* a) offenders?
* b) your local community?
Question D1: Thinking about the current treatment system, what works well and should be retained?
Question D2: Thinking about the current treatment system, what is in need of improvement and how might it need to change to promote recovery?
I have no specific expertise in this area but I understand that treatment for problematic cocaine use is extremely limited and in desperate need of investment. While not physically addictive, cocaine and particularly crack cocaine is overwhelmingly compulsive and can lead to violent behaviour. Comparatively, treatment for opiate addicton is well established and understood. More resources need to be put into developing treatments for problematic cocaine use.
Question D3: Are there situations in which drug and alcohol services might be more usefully brought together or are there situations where it is more useful for them to be operated separately?
Services need to be client-centered. Lumping together alcohol, opiate and cocaine services for the convenience of the providers is counterproductive. Someone who drinks too much wine in the evening at home may be deterred from attending a centre where opiate addicts are injecting. Similarly, a high-earning cocaine user may not want to associate with street drinkers.
Question D4: Should there be a greater focus on treating people who use substances other than heroin or crack cocaine, such as powder cocaine and so called legal highs?
Please explain your response below
The only rational response to any problematic drug use is to treat it as a health issue, therefore treatment should be available for all substances. The question betrays a worrying naivety as cocaine use can be problematic as powder, crack or both. “Legal highs” is a completely meaningless term which may range from something as harmful as heroin to something as benign as cannabis.
Question D5: Should treating addiction to legal substances, such as prescribed and over-the-counter medicines, be a higher priority?
* Don’t know
Please explain your response below
No. The drugs strategy should be about minimising harms not making some moral judgment on people based on one point of view. This is a dreadful suggestion.
Question D6: What role should the Public Health Service have in preventing people using drugs in the first place and how can this link in to other preventative work?
Fact and evidence-based information and education.
Question D7: We want to ensure that we continue to build the skills of the drug treatment and rehabilitation sector to ensure that they are able to meet the needs of those seeking treatment. What more can we do to support this?
Stop wasting money on futile attempts at enforcement of out of date, counterproductive laws. Prohibition is an entirely failed policy and, according to Baroness Meacher in the House Of Lords on 15th June 2010 is costing Britain £19 billion per annum.
Problematic drug use should be dealt with as a health problem. With billions saved from wasted law enforcement costs and additional tax revenue from a regulated supply system, there will be a bonanza of funds available for drug treatment and rehabilitation services.
Question D8: Treatment is only one aspect contributing to abstinence and recovery. What actions can be taken to better link treatment services in to wider support such as housing, employment and supporting offenders?
Stop criminalising drug users, imprisoning them and treating them as offenders. They are not. They are people who choose to use a drug that has arbitrarily been deemed illegal usually for unscientific reasons.
Question D9: How do you believe that commissioners should be held to account for ensuring that outcomes of community-based treatments, for the promotion of reintegration and recovery, as well as reduced health harms, are delivered?
Question E1: What interventions can be provided to better support the recovery and reintegration of drug and alcohol dependent offenders returning to communities from prison?
Question E2: What interventions could be provided to address any issues commonly facing people dependent on drugs or alcohol in relation to housing?
Question E3: How might drug, alcohol and mental health services be more effective in working together to meet the needs of drug or alcohol dependent service users with mental health conditions?
Question E4: Do appropriate opportunities exist for the acquisition of skills and training for this group?
Question E5 Should we be making more of the potential to use the benefit system to offer claimants a choice between:
a) some form of financial benefit sanction, if they do not take action to address their drug or alcohol dependency; or
b) additional support to take such steps, by tailoring the requirements placed upon them as a condition of benefit receipt to assist their recovery (for example temporarily removing the need to seek employment whilst undergoing treatment).
There needs to be a combination of carrot and stick adjusted to individual requirements based on healthcare needs. Those with problematic drug use must not be allowed to fall outside society as that leads to even greater harms. This is why it is crucial that drug use be removed from the criminal law.
Question E6: What if anything could Jobcentre Plus do differently in engaging with this client group to better support recovery?
Question E7: In your experience, what interventions are most effective in helping this group find employment?
Question E8: What particular barriers do this group face when working or looking for employment, and what could be done to address these?
Question E9: Based on your experience, how effective are whole family interventions as a way of tackling the harms of substance misuse?
Question E10: Is enough done to harness the recovery capital of families, partners and friends of people addicted to drugs or alcohol?
Probably not. Once prohibition is ended, with billions saved from wasted law enforcement costs and additional tax revenue from a regulated supply system, there will be a bonanza of funds available for drug treatment and rehabilitation services.
Question E11: Do drug and alcohol services adequately take into account the needs of those clients who have children?
Question E12: What problems do agencies working with drug or alcohol dependent parents face in trying to protect their children from harm, and what might be done to address any such issues?
Region: South West
Written by Peter Reynolds
September 15, 2010 at 11:00 pm
Posted in Uncategorized
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